Kind of travel:
Me and my girlfriend Elisa in an independent travel
28th Dec 2010- 10th Jan 2011
I need a visa:
here it comes the real headache. As EU citizien you'll need
a visa hence a sponsor; iif you want to be100% independent (as
you have 3 choises: get it at Sudan Embassy in Cairo , in Aswan
or in your country (all of them have they pros and cons, read
the travel tip) Don't forget once in Sudan you have to get
registered and get the travel permits.
be surprised by the standard of the Sudanese long distance buses.
They are comfortable, with meal and beverage service and above
of with cinema! As we did, you'll become expert of USA wrestling
and Sudanese singers! Forget trains (it even seems the only
passanger line left (Khartoum- Wadi halfa) was shut down. We
hithchiked without problem and for free. Taxi are a bit expensive,
you have to negotiate hard.
temperature was amazingly perfect, in particular in Khartoum
(20- 25 C dry), also in the desert (Karima) was warmer (30C)
but still so pleasant. In Port Sudan chiller and rainy (we snorkelled
but with the swimming suite), the only unpleasant temperature
was in Kassala since hot and humid.
guesthouses, small hotels, locandas.... good news: accommodations
are cheap! (double room 7- 20euro) Bad news: accommodations
suck!Eeven if you have a good budget don't expect accetable
bathrooms! We experienced the worst in Kassala and Atbara
HOSPITALITY IS THE REAL HIGHLIGHT! We felt welcomed every time
we met somebody. I know you are thinkng it cannot worth a travel
but believe me you'll be amazed! (Read
the impressions). As concerns places Karima with its view
of the desert from the Jebel Barkal was my preferite
What I disliked:
I hated all the burocracy!! The awful was getting the visa,
then being registered in Khartoum, having the travel permits
not only in Khartoum but also in Port Sudan. And what about
the fact people hassled you when taking pictures of the Nile
from a bridge? Military target they say.... Food is boring:
no potatoes or rise, only bread with chicken and fried goat.
Sudan is cheap. we spent 30euro/day pp + visa (100- 150euro)
+ registration (30euro pp)+ flight (460euro pp Milan- Khartoum)
Accomodation are peanuts, while transport will take most of
your budget. Red Sea Activities are costy but we managed independently.
hassles: aside of the well known off limits areas (Darfur,
Abey,...) and the south (we weren't there), Sudan is extremely
safe and Khartoum is considered (with Asmara) the safest African
you do need:
often we oufn ourselves in dire straits for the language, with
an arabic phrase book it would
have beem easier. The don't forget some ear plugs to protect
yourself from the Sudanese karaoke on the long bus trips. Don't
forget our to be registered by 72h from the moment you enter
IS SOUTH SUDAN A NEW COUNTRY?
Sudan has known a 20 years civil war in
the South of the country (by the North who rules the whole
Sudan), the longest of the African history. It ended up
in 2005 with a Treat where North agreed in having a referendum
where people of the South were called to vote about the
separation of the country.
After being postponed for years it happened the 9th Jan
2011, right while we were in Sudan. As expected and officialised
two weeks later, the result has been in favor of the separation.
If you read this report after the 9th July 2011 (data
from when the new county will be effective) and everything
will run smoothly has promised by the Sudanese leader
Bashir, South Sudan will be the 54th African state.
click on to enlarge
I know Sudan will recall in you mind war scenarios
and tourist kidnapping: completely forget about this.
There are some parts of the country that are off limits, but
it's just a part of a country as large as 5 times France.
The typical question is: 'which his the highlight of Sudan?'
For sure Meroe Pyramids is a worthwhile site, but if the highlights
are your real driver you should opt for Egypt. A travel in Sudan
should be led by the curiosity to discover a country off the
beaten track and to see how it has nothing to do with his reputation..
The main reason we wanted to travel there was to personally
experience the well known Sudanese hospitality: althought we
have high expectations we didn't get disappointed, on the opposite...
just some examples of hospitality:
- on a minibus and after a while chatting with the driver he
gave the money of the ticket back since we were his guests
- in Port Sudan a minibus driver invited us to the restaurant
and then to spend the evening with his friends: he paied everything
- in Wad Mefani when we were going to our coffee the ladies
told us that it had already been offered by a guy we didn't
even spoken with
- in Aba island a guy (called by the police chief) guided us
few hours around the island; at the end when we offered him
money he refused
- hitch hiking we got a 100km for free and once we reached Atbara
the driver offered us to be his guests for the night
On top of this it's amazing that, even in the major towns, everybody
in the streets greets you when passing
The best it could be if you associate Sudan to a travel in Egypt
or in Ethiopia, hence you can have also the highlitghs. As concerns
Egypt the weekly ferry can be a key constraints as it was for
TRAVEL IN SUDAN
In the heat of the night we landed in Khartoum; we slept at
the airport till the dawn, catching a taxi searching the offices
to have the registration and the travel permits done.
It took the whole day, first of all finding a hotel that could
write a kind of letter to be registered. We found the Hotel
Central (20€ twins rooms) who prepared the paper for us
and we went to the police station personally (30€ each
to be registered). Then we reached the Humanitarian Affairs
Minister where we got the permit in 20mins (read the tips for
details) for free.
The following day we jumped on the bus southwards along the
White Nile to reach Aba Island (4h), well known in Sudan to
be the birthplace of the leader Madhi, one of the Sudanese heroes
who conquered Sudan back from the British in the 19th century.
Today in his former house there is a nice university providing
a youngish vibe to the whole town.
The bus dropped us in a cross road where we waited for a lift
to cover the 7km to the town of Aba.
Once there we felt to be quite a novelty; we immediately aim
to the university and all the students welcomed us eager to
practice their English. After while the police chief came. He
registered us and toured us in the university showing also the
former Madhi room.
Then he called a friend of him who by rickshaw took us to have
a look to the Nile river and to visit all his friend working
in the shop. He spent a bunch of hours with us, and at the end
when we offered a tip he declined everything.
Then by minibus in 2h we were in Kosti. It is one of the main
ports of the White Nile and it's the southmost place we have
reached not far from what is considered the border between North
and South Sudan.
settled at the Hotel Umm Dom for 17€ twins room and we
had an evening walk in the town, that is quite alive and green
being right along the river, but don't expect too much.
The next day in 4.5 h by bus (6€) we got back to Khartoum
to attend the whirling Dervish dances every Friday are at Hamed
al Nil tomb. It's a large group of men who pray chanting and
clapping in a circle. It's really an authentic and one of the
most touchy experience we have had in Sudan. You can attend
and take pictures and you are likely to find few expats there
Our next destination has been the real highlight of Sudan: the
Pyramids of Meroe. If from the dimension standpoint they cannot
challenge with the Egypt ones, from the location standpoint
beat them big time.
After 4 h we got dropped off by the minibus in the middle of
nothing, but the site is so near that it's visible from the
road, and we reached it by a 2km walk. There were few people
visiting the site (some Sudanese schools) and through the light
of the upcoming twilight it was impressing.
After two hours, we walked back to the main road hitch hiking
for a lift to Atbara. It didn't take that much a pick up stopped
and for free it took as to Atbara. On the way the driver wanted
to offer us a café, but we anticipated paying also for
him. He was so kind! Once in the town he even insisted he wanted
us to stay in his house for the night. Once again the Sudanses
hospitality is unique!
We kindly declined and we stayed at the Hotel Al Saif, considered
the best hotel of the town for 25€ for a twins on the roof.
Don't expect too much though.
Atbara is not the place I would recommend to stay; it's just
a dusty twist of road of no interest for a traveler. In fact
we didn't liger to much there and in the morning we took a bus
passing through the desert to be in Karima 7 h later.
Karima on the opposite has been the cutest place we have been
in Sudan. It's a small town in the desert, hot but dry characterized
by the green strip of land along the Nile.
One of the main highlights of the town is the Jebel Barkal (Holy
Mountain), a 200m high rocky hill sticking out from the sandy
desert. We climbed up to see the jaw dropping panorama of the
twilight on the desert and on the town with many locals eager
to take picture with us.
In Karima we stayed in Hotel Al Nasser for 7 euro each, and
it's has been the cheapest guesthouse we have found in Sudan.
However remember to register at the police office otherwise
the keeper won't check you in. The next day we followed the
Bradt Guide suggestion wandering along the Nile, crossing it
by a small boat and walking in the white sandy beach.
Once back to abtara the bought the ticket for the next day bus
to Port Sudan (10h!!) It's plenty of buses so don't stop at
the first counter but check all ones.
We slept at the Hotel Safr (12€ twins) and it has been
the worst place we ever slept on all our travels. The room was
noisy, dirty, without even mentioning the status of the shared
bathroom. It's enough saying that, when I wanted to have a shower,
I found there a daggle left by the previous guy!
The travel to Port Sudan has been the least pleasant in the
whole trip: 10 long and hot hours by bus along a monotonous
dry landscape. On top of it, we punctured and a kid shitted
in the corridor, making the situation quite puking!
Once in Port Sudan we were very surprised by the change of climate.
In fact having crossed the Red Sea Hills running along the Red
Sea cost, the weather got cloudy and it began to rain. It was
amazing if you think that 3h before we were in a desert were
rain was quite a rare phenomenon.
Our expectations about Port Sudan were low, thinking about it
just as an industrial port. Instead we found a more pleasant
city; first of all there was a fast food, and only this would
have been enough to like the whole city, given we were fed up
of eating roasted goat chicken and bread. Then the promenade
it's a popular place where locals gathered in the evening (and
not only) drinking tea, playing cards and we saw even young
On the other hand hotels were so expensive it took a while to
find one; at the end we stayed in Saba hotel for 15€ for
1h by minibus from Port Sudan there's Suakin, the former main
port of Sudan abandoned 80 year ago.
The place it's quite ghosty but keeps a kind of charm being
a crumbled city settled on a tiny island connected to the mainland
by a causeway.
The day after we wanted to snorkel and the only place where
it is feasible, is the RED SEA RESORT 30km north of Port Sudan.
We called the owner the day before since you need a permit:
for free he came in the town, photocopied the visa and filled
a template. We hired a van to go there, waiting 3h and getting
back for 50pound much lower of the amount the resort told us
should have been (100 pound!) Once there we rented the fin,
swimming suite and mask (7€ per person) and we entered
the reef from the beach. Honestly due to the wrong season (January
is the worst since water is to warm hence colors are off), the
waves and being a cloudy day, it hasn't been so unique, but
still we snorkeled in Sudan!
And above all going there gave as the opportunity to get acquainted
with the driver of the van we hired. He invited us to the restaurant,
then to meet his friends and drink all together, offering us
everything, although we tried to pay. Once again Sudanese hospitality
In the very early morning we took the bus to Kassala, the biggest
town of east Sudan, settled few km from the border with Eritrea;
it has been a looooong and hot 7h trip, passing very poor parts
In Kassala we stayed at hotel Naba for 17€ for a twins,
after being rejected by another hotel since they claimed it
was full-booked. I wasn't surprised since I read some hotels
in Kassala don't like to have foreigner guests.
Kassala turned out far poorer than all the other towns we have
seen in Sudan and definitely the hottest.
The town is characterized by being at the base of the Take mountains,
a huge massif seemingly placed at random on the plain. The shapes
are weird, almost unearthly, as if they have been half melted
before being set in stone.
You can climb them but it's far easier to reach Toteil, a place
very popular among the locals, where in the late afternoon they
gather to enjoy the view of the twilight over Kassala from one
of the many café.
Then on the way back to Khartoum we stopped in Wad Medani. It's
well known to be the favorite Sudanese honey-mooners destination.
In fact the town is very green and fresh built along the Nile:
the riverbank it's plenty of café where you can enjoy
the shadow of the tree.
We stayed at the hotel Continental for 17€, clearly targeted
for the just married couples with its pink rooms and a double
room (wow!) instead of a twin that 's by far the Sudanese standard.
Back in Khartoum in the last day we visited the confluence of
the White and Blue Niles and we lloked for postcards; we found
them, we wrote but we didn't manage to send 9
Sudan travel tip
NB: CURRENTLY (JAN 2011) THERE IS NO
CLUE WHICH COULD BE THE REQUIREMENTS TO ENTER THE
SOUTH SUDAN NEW STATE, OR HOW TO ENTER THE NORTH SUDAN
FROM THE SOUTH SUDAN.
Almost all countries need a visa to
enter Sudan and unless you are part of an organised
travel (you wouldn't be on this website, though),
it's going to be the toughest part of the whole trip.
Since things change I recommend checking the Thorn
The following are the 3 options to get the Sudanese
visa before the separation:
1) Sudan Embassy in your origin country
2) Sudan Embassy in Cairo (Egypt)
3) Consulate in Aswan (Egypt)
1) It sounds the easiest but it's not,
since any embassy in Europe needs to have the approval
from Khartoum and unless you are not sponsored by
a tour operator, it becomes and endless waiting. In
the forum in internet it's plenty of travelers waiting
for visa from the German or Dutch embassy since months.
We were lucky and we got our visa in the Sudan Embassy
in Rome. It needs:
- copy of the flight tickets
- template filled (you can download from the embassy
- nr 2photos
- hotel reservation for the full period in Sudan
It took 1 month and I had to book a hotel for the
full period and then cancel everything (it took me
a looot of time to have the reservation faxed how
the Embassy wanted (addressed to the 'consolar session',
The embassy sniffed the trick and they specified on
the visa the name of our sponsor (Kanon Hotel). Once
we had to do the registration in Khartoum I was scared
the police wanted to see the invitation from Kanon
hotel but nobody noticed we had instead one of the
far cheaper 'Central Hotel'
2) It sounds the most complicated but
at the end it's what most of the travelers opt for.
Usually it takes two days, but you need a LOI from
your embassy in Cairo. Getting such LOI can be a very
straightforward process of 5 min or an impassable
obstacle. You will find the forums plenty of travelers
stuck in it.
Here is an example of LOI, if you are in dire straits
you can fake it; nobody at the Sudanese embassy will
never mind (LOI
3) It's convenient only if you are going to take the
ferry to Wadi Halfa, or if you really don't manage
to get the LOI in Cairo. In fact the consulate in
Aswan does not ask for it and they issue the visa
in 20min. The drawback is that Aswan is 10h by train
from Cairo, hence back and forth it'll take at least
The currency is the Sudanese pound
official change rate. (1€=
3.2 SDG), real change 1€=4SP)
Pay attention there's a mess with the zeros. In
fact before Jan2007 the currency was the
Sudanese Dinar and even earlier (before 1992) it
was again the Sudanese pound. To offset the inflation
all this currency where set at
1 new Pound= 100 Dinars
1 new Pound= 1000 old Pounds
that's why on the street it's usual people asking
you 100 or 1000 time the value they really mean.
I hardly think they want to cheat you, simply the
are used to the old values
Apart of a 12pgs section on the whole
Africa guide, Lonely Planet has not useful info about
Sudan. That's why I bought the Bradt Guide fully dedicated
to Sudan (2nd edition Oct 2009)
I'm not a fan of Bradt Guides, in particular I found
their lay out non friendly (they blend useful info
in a full page text and this doesn't make them immediately
visible). Maps are not precise as sometimes we found
ourselves stranded. Info about means of transport
are quite swallow. On toop of thids the dictionary
is really poor considering it's a guidebook fully
dedicated to the country, it didn't cost a thing to
use a bunch of pages in a Arab- English section
I had the usual vaccinations: ephatite
A, B, typhus and tetanus. I know your main concern
is the dilemma 'to do or not to do the antimalaric
Against the malaria you have mainly three choises:
Clorichina, Malarone and Lariam.
Clorichina is not effective in this part of the world
(it's mainly for central America), but at the end
I decided to take neither Malarone nor Lariam.
In the region the risk exist especially along the
Nile; I preferred to cover myself conveniently, using
repellent and mosquito net than take antimalaric for
my 7th times.
Registration at the police
By law every foreigners entering the country has
to register at the police office by 72h. First
of all don't even think to skip it; everytime
you'll be stopped at a check point, checked in
by a hotel, to get the travel permits..., they
will ask for it.
Flying to Khartoum you have two options:
1) ask to a hotel to have everything done (Hotel
Central was available to do)
2) do by yourself (in case you are in hurry or
you don't want to pay any extracharge for the
In case of 2, you have to check in by a hotel
who can support you preparing a paper (Hotel Central
did) that you'll bring to the Alien Police Station
(it's in front of the Khartoum University (20
min by rickshaw from the center)). There you will
do photocopy of your passport, you'll pay 30euro,
and in 30 min you will have your registration
(a stamp on the passport)
If you are coming from Egypt, you will be registered
in Wadi Halfa.
permit in Khartoum
One of the FAQ of Sudan is: 'do we need a travel
permit to travel around Sudan?'
The official answer is: yes left alone the Wadi
Halfa- Khartoum road. Having said it, you are
likely to travel without having it checked, but
since it's for free and it takes 20 min I wouldn't
risk it in particular if you are heading southward
(we got them checked in Aba Island).
To apply for them first of all you need to have
the registration, them you go the Humanitarian
Affairs Minister. (in the Bradt guide it's indicated
in the map), anyway it's 5 min by rickshaw from
the airport. Notice that in Khartoum there are
at least three offices where you can apply (in
the LP many travelers claimed to have got it at
the Minister in Ryad quarter; we looked for it
but we didn't find anything)
- nr 3 copies of the visa + registration
- nr 3 copies of the passport
- nr 3 copies of the filled template with the
list of you destinations (you'll get at the Minister)
- nr1 photo
There's a shop where you can do the copies next
to the minister building
Since things change and you might not want get
stuck in Khartoum, check the latest info about
the process in Thorn
(or diving) in Sudan ?
If you want to snorkel in Sudan you don't have
too many choises than Red Sea Sudan Resort (www.redsearesort.coms),
30km north of Port Sudan.
Don't expect the Egyptian standard of Sharm Sheik;
you'll find there some bungalows with shared bathrooms
and a restaurant.
The reef is 300m from the resort and there's a
small boat to take you there. Otherwise as we
did, you can walk but it can be a kind of sweat.
You can hire all you need:
- fins+ mask+ swimming suit= 7€/ day pp
- to use the boat is 20€ pp
In Dec-Jan it's the worst season (the best
one is April) to see the real colors of
the Red Sea reef. Hence if you are there
in this season I don't really recommend
you the swim.
to reach it?
Unfortunately the only way to reach the
Red Sea Resort is hiring a car. The Resort
can arrange a taxi for you for 100 SDG (25€),
but we went to the bus station and we found
a van for 50 SDG (12€) back and forth
we need a permit?
Yes, there's a check point mid way to the
Resort, if you don't have the permit they
will push you back to Port Sudan.
To get it is easy and for free. Just give
a ring to the Resort one day in advance
(check the website for the phone number).
They will bring the form to you in Port
Sudan, you will fill it and you have to
keep it with the copy of the passport +
At the check point the police will withdraw